Firing Ranges

Firing Range Contamination Projects

U.S. Department of the Navy (nationwide). Best Management Practices guidance was written to guide the operators of small arms firing ranges. Lead recycling, lead mobility, and drainage control were addressed.

South Central Arizona. Phases I, II and III site plans were provided in support of the closure of a shooting range for redevelopment of industrial/commercial property.

North Central Arizona. A Best Management Practices plan was developed for a proposed range. Detailed recommendations were made for law enforcement, sporting clays, skeet/trap, and action pistol ranges. BMP subject areas were native vegetation, soil amendments, lead recycling, and use of steel shot.

Scotts Valley (Santa Cruz), California. Lead residue and migration potential from runoff and leaching were assessed for rifle, pistol, and shotgun ranges. Soil monitoring and a preliminary risk assessment were conducted. A Best Management Practices program was designed to control lead leaching and runoff. This included a proactive soil amendment plan and technical guidance for chemical fixation of contaminated soils.

East-Central Colorado. A Best Management Practices (BMP) program was written to guide the operators of a multiple-use, small arms firing range. Lead recycling, lead mobility, and drainage controls were addressed. Concurrently, a closure plan pursuant to the CDPHE and RCRA was written for existing trap, skeet, sporting clays, .22 rifle, and black powder ranges.

Sussex County, Delaware. Consultation, data analysis, Best Management Practices plan recommendations and a letter report were provided for a pistol and skeet range. Recommendations were made for lead mobility, soil pH issues, and lead and arsenic leachability. ETS also provided preliminary guidelines for the BMP.

Big Island, Hawaii. ETS developed a detailed Best Management Practices plan for a proposed shooting range facility that would include rifle, pistol, trap, skeet, and sporting clays. One of the concerns identified in the planning stage was the need to protect the environment from the adverse effects of lead bullets and shot. Thus, ETS recommended a strategy and specific actions to ensure that the range complex could be designed, built, and operated in an environmentally sound manner.

Anne Arundel County, Maryland (2). (1) ETS conducted a risk assessment and developed a Best Management Practices plan for a lead cleanup project. A detailed BMP plan and a lead and arsenic cleanup program were implemented for a police pistol range that had major renovations. The cleanup was successful. (2) ETS conducted a surface water, ground water, and soil risk assessment for an active shooting sports club for its rifle, pistol, and trap ranges. A detailed Best Management Practices plan for a lead and arsenic cleanup program was developed. The critical issue was lead and arsenic movement into a small stream on the property.

Baltimore County, Maryland. Lead residues and migration potential were assessed for current and proposed shooting ranges. The critical issue was the pH dependence of lead's mobility in soils. A cleanup plan was developed that recommended soil amendments, recycling, and shooting restrictions. ETS provided a site investigation and assessment, Best Management Practices plan and litigation support.

Prince George’s County, Maryland. A company planned to develop an old firing range into a housing development. ETS conducted a risk assessment and developed a mitigation/cleanup plan based on concern for exposure of lead-contaminated soil to children.

Southern Texas. ETS produced a Best Management Practices plan for a proposed skeet/trap and sporting clays range. This site contained high background levels of lead and arsenic.

Norfolk/Newport News, Virginia. A risk assessment and Best Management Practices program was developed for a Navy skeet, trap, and sporting clays range. The focus was lead and arsenic.

Norfolk/Newport News, Virginia. A similar study was done for another Navy base in the area, at rifle and pistol ranges.

Northern Virginia. ETS is writing a risk assessment and a Best Management Practices program for a skeet, trap, and five-stand (modified sporting clays) range. The focus is lead and arsenic.

Skagit County, Washington. ETS provided a Best Management Practices plan, expert testimony, reviews of hearing depositions and other trial support, including expert testimony. ETS also produced an extensive BMP plan for the proposed 237-acre range facility.