Firing Ranges

The Lead and Arsenic Environmental Contamination Issue
How the ETS Team Can Help

The potential for lead and arsenic contamination is one of the key issues facing firing ranges and gun clubs today. ETS can assist these groups by providing environmental services in five areas.

Information Gathering
The chemistry of lead and arsenic and their compounds is well understood by ETS. The presence of spent shot or bullets lying on the ground does not necessarily constitute a "hazardous" condition, but there is increasing focus by the EPA and its state counterparts on this topic. OSHA's rules are especially relevant to indoor ranges. The ETS team can provide scientific solutions and regulatory information in this area.

Proactive Environmental Stewardship
ETS can provide range designers and managers the tools necessary for a proactive approach to protect the indoor and outdoor environment. Lead in its pure form is not mobile in soil and water; however, it can become mobile after reacting with fertilizers, soil, and/or atmospheric components. Unhealthful air concentrations can occur at indoor ranges if certain precautions are not taken. The ETS team can advise on measures to mitigate these problems.

Contaminant Assessment
The ETS team has extensive experience in monitoring soil and water, and we can provide guidance for indoor air quality monitoring. More importantly, our risk assessment expertise enables us to interpret the results in a responsible manner.

Contaminant Remediation
ETS uses the risk assessment process to plan and implement feasible shooting range cleanup. ETS is also knowledgeable of the confounding chemistry variables affecting the fate of oxidized lead and arsenic - - certain measures that can simultaneously immobilize lead and mobilize arsenic, and vice versa. (Lead shot usually contains arsenic.)

Expert Witness Testimony
ETS staff have extensive experience providing expert witness testimony at the federal, state, and local levels, in trials, before regulatory agencies, before Congress, and in local public meetings.

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